Director, Office of Research Ethics and Integrity
University Academic Board
Date of Next Review
2.6.3 Roles and responsibilities
2.6.5 Research misconduct
2.6.6 Specific requirements for the conduct of research
QUT is committed to the highest standard of integrity in research. The University expects all staff, researchers and research students to comply with all relevant policies, procedures, standards and regulatory obligations. The QUT Code for responsible conduct of research (the QUT Research Code) forms an integral part of the University’s research governance framework and promotes ethical research behaviour within the University community consistent with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research 2018 (the Code).
The QUT Research Code imposes requirements on researchers in addition to the general ethical obligations for members of the University community set out in the QUT Staff Code of Conduct (B/8.1) and QUT Student Code of Conduct (E/2.1).
The QUT Code for responsible conduct of research applies to all staff (regardless of employment type), students and visitors, who undertake, assist or support research activities within or in association with QUT.
Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research)
|Pro Vice-Chancellor, Graduate Research and Development||
|Executive Director, Office of Research Services||
|Executive Director, Office of Industry Engagement||
|Director, Office of Research Ethics and Integrity (OREI)||
|Executive Director, Carumba Institute||
|Executive deans, centre directors and associate deans (research)||
|Heads of school||
|Staff and students involved in research activities||
The QUT Research Code is based on the following principles.
- QUT will position academic rigour, research ethics and integrity and professional best practice at the core of all its research endeavours.
- QUT will ensure its research outputs remain trusted and respected by upholding the highest standards of ethics and integrity.
- All individuals are accountable for their actions relating to the development, undertaking and reporting of research and must comply with the QUT Research Code.
- All researchers will undertake training in relevant research policies and procedures and the University’s expectations for ethical and responsible behaviour.
- All researchers must ensure appropriate treatment and respect of research participants, the wider community, animals and the environment.
- Information must be presented truthfully and accurately throughout the research lifecycle, including the proposal, conduct and reporting of research.
- QUT recognises the right of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to be engaged in research that affects or is of particular significance to them. The University expects that any such research will value and respect the diversity, heritage, knowledge, cultural property and connection to the land of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and complies with all relevant national codes and guidelines.
The University has no tolerance for any misconduct or unethical behaviour in its research activities. Researchers have a responsibility to ensure accurate representation of all information relating to their research outputs. Failure to abide by the responsibilities outlined in the QUT Research Code may constitute a breach of the Code and will be investigated in accordance with the Managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research policy (D/2.7), consistent with the NHMRC Guide to Managing and Investigating potential breaches of the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research.
Management of research data
The University recognises that research data is a valuable product and must be stored and managed appropriately in accordance with University policy, ethical guidelines, relevant legislation and discipline-specific standards of best practice. QUT supports the FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship, whereby data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable.
Researchers have a responsibility to retain clear, accurate and complete records of all research related data and materials to support the principles of honesty and transparency. Research data should generally be made available, in accordance with Management of research data and primary materials policy (D/2.8), for use by other researchers, both within and external to QUT, subject to funding body, contractual, commercialisation, ethical, privacy or confidentiality considerations.
Supervision and training of research students and staff
QUT supports the development of respectful, culturally aware and professional relationships between researchers and their supervisors. The University requires all research students and staff involved in research complete the Research Integrity Online training course (QUT staff access only) and be appropriately trained in relevant research policies, procedures and the University’s expectations for ethical and responsible behaviour.
Research Integrity Online is required training for:
- QUT students enrolled in an honours, research masters or doctoral programs, or any substantial postgraduate research project or dissertation, and
- all staff involved in research, research management, or research support including, for example, academic researchers, lab assistants, research assistants, supervisors of Higher Degree Research students and research managers.
Faculty executive deans, together with heads of school are responsible for ensuring:
- all research students and staff new to the University undergo an induction on their commencement that outlines their responsibilities under relevant legislation and University policies and procedures
- each new research student and staff member is paired with a responsible and appropriately qualified supervisor or mentor.
Supervisors of research students and staff must:
- adhere to the standard for behaviour outlined in the QUT Staff Code of Conduct (B/8.1) and where applicable the Good Practice guidelines for Higher Degree Research Studies and Supervision at QUT (QUT staff access only)
- provide advice in all matters of good research practice consistent with the QUT Research Code and the Good Practice guidelines for Higher Degree Research Studies and Supervision at QUT (where applicable)
- have processes in place to ensure the validity of research methods and outcomes of staff and students under their supervision
- actively seek out opportunities for ongoing and refresher training to maintain a working knowledge of the principles that underpin responsible research conduct.
The University expects staff and students under supervision to:
- conduct their research in a cooperative manner
- uphold a professional attitude towards their research
- actively seek out opportunities for their own professional development.
Publication and dissemination of research findings
Publication and dissemination of research is a vital component of the research process that encourages innovation, fosters collaboration, enhances community engagement and allows the benefits of research to be recognised.
Before disseminating research findings, researchers must be aware of and consider:
- any confidentiality requirements of a contractual or funding agreement
- the protection of any personal information in the research data (F/6.2)
- intellectual property rights (D/3.1)
- any contractual restrictions or delays on publication, including any contractual requirements to obtain prior consent from funding bodies
- the potential for misinterpretation of published research or misuse causing harm to animals, humans, the environment or national security
- obtaining permission from the original publisher prior to republishing research data
- selecting reputable publishers appropriate for the research field that promote peer-review.
When publicising or disseminating research findings, researchers must ensure that:
- research methodology, data and findings are reported accurately and consistently with conventions appropriate to the relevant discipline or disciplines, including applications for funding
- research outcomes are reported to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders peoples and communities where the research affects or is of particular significance to them
- the host institution(s) and all sources of support are acknowledged
- if significantly similar work is presented to more than one publisher, this must be disclosed to the publisher at the time of submission
- where research findings are disseminated or discussed before being exposed to peer-review scrutiny, (e.g. conferences, preprints or to sponsors or prospective financial supporters), there is an obligation to explain fully the status of the work
- the work of others is acknowledged and cited appropriately, including the citing of primary sources and data wherever possible to ensure credit is attributed fairly
- actions to correct any errors or misleading inaccuracies post-publication must occur in a timely manner
- all clinical trials and if appropriate, other study types, must be registered with a recognised register.
The University encourages the broad dissemination of accurate research findings in a responsible manner. All researchers must be aware of their responsibilities for disseminating research, specifically QUT’s Open access for QUT research outputs (including theses) policy (F/1.3).
All researchers working on sensitive information, technology or biological agents must advise the University as soon as they suspect their research or a publication arising from their research may be subject to Australian export controls and sanctions regimes and comply with QUTs Trade controls for goods, software, technology and services policy (D/2.5).
Appropriate attribution of authorship ensures individuals’ contributions to published research are acknowledged and credit for the research is assigned honestly and fairly. QUT expects that the authorship of all research outputs (as defined in NHRMC’s Authorship: A guide supporting the Australia Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research) will be properly determined in accordance with authorship criteria. Researchers are to ensure that attributed authors are all those, and only those, who have made a significant intellectual or scholarly contribution to the research and its output, and that they agree to be listed as an author.
A significant intellectual or scholarly contribution must include one and should include a combination of two or more of the following:
- contribution to the design of the project or output
- procurement of research data, where the acquisition involves significant intellectual judgement, planning, design or input
- contribution of knowledge, including Indigenous knowledge
- evaluation or interpretation of research data
- generation of significant sections of the research output or critical revisions contributing to its interpretation.
Authors must ensure that the work of research students/trainees, research assistants, technical officers and Indigenous peoples is properly acknowledged. Individuals and organisations providing facilities and funding should also be acknowledged.
Collectively, authors are accountable for the entire research output and are each responsible for ensuring the accuracy and integrity of their contribution. Corresponding authors have primary responsibility for ensuring appropriate recognition of all contributors, maintaining records of any authorship agreements (both formal and informal), obtaining approval from all authors to publish research outputs prior to submission and ensuring authors’ affiliations are accurate.
Schools, institutes, centres and research groups are responsible for encouraging and promoting responsible authorship practices that are considered appropriate within the discipline area. The head of school, institute executive director or centre director is responsible for the resolution of conflicts arising through disputes about authorship. Where resolution cannot be achieved, the matter should be escalated to the executive dean of the faculty. If resolution of the matter is not possible, the matter should be referred to the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research) for consideration.
Peer review provides impartial and expert assessment of proposed research and research outputs, helping to maintain high standards of research. Peer review is an essential component of maintaining research integrity. The University strongly encourages researchers to participate in opportunities for peer review across the whole research cycle.
Schools, institutes, centres and research groups are responsible for encouraging and promoting responsible peer review practices that are considered appropriate within the discipline area, consistent with the following principles:
- Fairness: all processes are conducted in a fair and equitable manner.
- Transparency: all conflicts of interests should be disclosed and managed accordingly.
- Appropriateness: the method of peer review should be appropriate for the research area or type of research output under review.
- Participation: authors who have benefited from the peer review process or receive public funding should participate in peer review processes as part of their professional obligations, including mentoring of junior colleagues.
- Confidentiality: all information supplied during the review process is held in confidence by reviewers and any other entities involved.
- Impartiality: peer review is conducted objectively and impartially, with outputs assessed on their merit and within the scope of the assessment.
- Quality and expert assessment: assessments are provided by individuals with suitable expertise, to provide high quality, constructive reviews aimed at promoting and improving research excellence.
- Integrity: peer review activities and associated research are conducted responsibly, honestly and respectfully.
When acting as a peer reviewer, QUT expects researchers to conduct reviews responsibly in accordance with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research 2018 and the principles described above. Any member of the QUT community engaged to assist in peer review for external funding bodies or publishers must also abide by the external establishment’s policies in addition to QUT’s Research code.
Peer review of researcher outputs is promoted by QUT to provide assurance to the public and research community that work conducted by QUT researchers is of the highest quality and integrity. Any researcher whose work is undergoing peer review must declare all relevant conflicts of interest, not seek to influence the peer review process or outcomes and respond to reviewers’ comments in a professional manner.
QUT supports collaborative research with other institutions (including industry partners, government and not-for-profit sectors), both within Australia and internationally. All collaborative research agreements with other institutions should be in writing and must be formally approved in accordance with Appendix 3 - Schedule of Authorities and Delegations and the Management of contracts, deeds and memoranda of understanding policy (A/1.6).
Collaborative research agreements should address:
- ownership of intellectual property
- the management of research findings, including dissemination, confidentiality, management of research data and authorship
- access to other assets or items that are retained at the end of the project
- the disclosure and management of conflicts of interest
- the roles and responsibilities of institutions or individuals with respect to reporting to funders, regulatory bodies, management of potential breaches and ethics, governance and safety approvals
- the commercialisation of research outcomes
- disclosure of funding arrangements
- dispute resolution procedures.
All researchers involved in collaborative research must be aware of, understand, and comply with all policies and agreements relating to the project. QUT expects all researchers involved in collaborative research to observe responsible research practices and report any potential breaches in accordance with QUT's policy on managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research (D/2.7) and the procedures described within the collaborative agreement.
Research related conflicts of interest
QUT recognises that conflicts of interest may arise on occasion between an individual’s personal and research interests. Staff and students have a responsibility to disclose and appropriately manage all research related conflicts of the interest in accordance with QUT’s Conflict of interest policy (B/8.7).
Depending on the type of conflict staff and students may have obligations to disclose the conflict to other bodies, including:
- ethics committees
- research participants
- co-investigators, including students under a researchers supervision
- funding agencies
- research partners
- editors of journals
- the public.
Breach is defined in the Managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research policy (D/2.7).
Collaborative research means research undertaken between researchers from different academic departments and/or institutions that are working together to achieve a common goal.
Conflict of interest is defined in the Conflict of interest policy (B/8.7).
Peer review means the impartial and independent assessment of research by others working in the same or a related field.
Research is defined in Managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research (D/2.7).
Research data is defined in the Management of research data and primary materials (D/2.8)
Research governance is defined in the Research governance framework (D/2.3)
Research misconduct is defined in Managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research (D/2.7).
Research output means modes that communicate or make available the findings of research that may be in hardcopy, electronic or other form. Examples of research outputs include journal articles, book chapters, books, conference papers, reports, datasets, patents and patent applications, performances, videos and exhibitions.
Supervision means overseeing a staff member or student, their activities and actions for whom you are responsible. Under this policy it is principally directed to supervision of early career researchers, Higher Degree by Research (HDR) candidates, undergraduate students and other research trainees.
Refer to Appendix 3 Schedule of Authorities and Delegations (C015).
MOPP A/1.6 Management of contracts, deeds and memoranda of understanding
MOPP B/8.1 QUT Staff Code of Conduct
MOPP B/8.5 Disciplinary action for misconduct and serious misconduct – senior staff
MOPP B/8.7 Conflict of interest
MOPP D/2.2 Student Research Misconduct Committee charter
MOPP D/2.3 Research governance framework
MOPP D/2.5 Trade controls for goods, software, technology and services
MOPP D/2.7 Managing and investigating potential breaches of the QUT Code for responsible conduct of research
MOPP D/2.8 Management of research data and primary materials
MOPP D/3.1 Intellectual property
MOPP D/6.5 University Human Research Ethics Committee charter
MOPP D/6.6 University Biosafety Committee charter
MOPP D/6.7 University Animal Ethics Committee charter
MOPP E/2.1 QUT Student Code of Conduct
MOPP F/1.3 Open access for QUT research outputs (including theses)
MOPP F/5.1 Copyright
MOPP F/6.2 Information privacy
Good Practice guidelines for Higher Degree Research Studies and Supervision at QUT (QUT staff and student access only)
|16.11.20||All||University Academic Board||Revised policy to align with guidance documents supporting the revised Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research|
|24.05.19||All||University Academic Board||Revised policy including a change of title from QUT Code of Conduct for Research|
|09.01.19||All||Director, Governance and Legal Services||Policy revised to include approved position title change from assistant dean/s to associate dean/s|
|12.12.18||D/2.6.3||Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research and Commercialisation)||Revised to include department name change to Office of Research Services|
|02.12.15||D/2.6.10||Council||Revised policy to remove Management of conflicts of interest to research activities section and incorporate into B/8.7 Conflict of interest policy|
|13.11.09||All||University Academic Board||Revised policy|
|16.11.07||All||University Academic Board||Revised Code of Conduct for Research to ensure compliance with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research; procedures for dealing with allegations of research misconduct relocated to new section D/2.7 - formerly D/2.6.8 (endorsed by University Research and Innovation Committee 02.11.07)|
|13.08.04||All||University Academic Board||Revised Code of Conduct for Research to incorporate ethical conduct issues and to address postgraduate student research misconduct (endorsed by University Research and Development Committee 23.04.04); rescinded former policy D/6.2 Ethical conduct of research|
|19.03.04||D/2.6.2||University Academic Board||Revised policy relating to storage of research data (endorsed by University Research and Development Committee 27.02.04)|
|03.09.03||D/2.6.4||Council||Added new moral rights clause|
|27.06.03||D/2.6||Secretariat Manager||Added statement re conflicts of interest in accordance with Internal Audit Report on Potential Conflict of Interests - Report No. 2002/40 (April 2003).|
|21.09.01||All||University Academic Board||New policy|